Ethnic differences in the soft tissue profiles of Turkish and European-American young adults with normal occlusions and well-balanced faces

Uysal T. , Baysal A. , Yagci A. , Sigler L. M. , McNamara J. A.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, cilt.34, ss.296-301, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 34 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1093/ejo/cjq165
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.296-301


The aim of this study was to evaluate soft tissue differences between Turkish and North American adults by comparing two sample populations with ideal occlusion and well-balanced faces. Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 117 Anatolian Turkish adults (65 female and 52 male, mean age: 23.9 +/- 2.8 years) were compared with a sample of 116 adults of European-American ancestry (64 female and 52 male, mean age: 25.0 +/- 6.8 years). The cephalometric analyses of Holdaway, Epker, and Legan and Burstone were performed using Dolphin Image Software 9.0. Thirty-two measurements (27 linear and 5 angular) were analysed. For statistical evaluation, independent samples t-tests were performed.