Microstructural Analysis of Low-Calcium Fly Ash-Based Geopolymer Concrete with Different Ratios of Activator and Binder Under High Temperatures

Kucukgoncu H., Özbayrak A.

ARABIAN JOURNAL FOR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, vol.50, pp.0-1, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13369-024-09266-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.0-1
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


AbstractGeopolymer concretes have emerged as an alternative to traditional Portland cement concretes with high strength, good durability, well corrosion performance and high-temperature resistance, and being a sustainable and environmentally friendly material. In this study, a comprehensive microstructural analysis of low-calcium fly ash-based geopolymer concrete samples with different alkali activator to binder ratios was conducted after exposure to temperatures ranging from 400 to 800 °C. The experimental results of the geopolymer concrete specimens found out significant findings, including a notable loss of mass and an approximate 80% decrease in compressive strength after exposure to 800 °C. The microstructural analysis underlined crack formation, voids and porosities in the geopolymer matrix at elevated temperatures, affecting the physical and mechanical properties of the material. The study presents significant insights into the behaviour of low-calcium fly ash-based geopolymer concrete with different binder and alkali activator ratios under high temperatures, revealing the performance of geopolymer concretes in extreme environments and the effect of incompatibility between geopolymer concrete and aggregate due to thermal temperature effects on this performance.