Influence of General and Local Anesthesia on Postoperative Pain After a Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure

Güngördük K., Türkmen H. E., GÜLSEREN V., Küçükler B., Çelikkol Ö., Özdemir İ. A.

Journal of lower genital tract disease, vol.27, no.3, pp.217-222, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/lgt.0000000000000744
  • Journal Name: Journal of lower genital tract disease
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.217-222
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


OBJECTIVE: To compare patient satisfaction, histopathologic results, and short-term morbidity in patients undergoing loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) under local anesthesia (LA) versus general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: Participants who met the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to the LA group or GA group. Pain was determined by both objective (faces pain scale-revised) and subjective (visual analog scale score) methods. RESULTS: Data from 244 patients (123 in the LA group and 121 in the GA group) were analyzed. The median cone volume was 2.0 (0.4-4.7) cm 3 in the LA group and 2.4 (0.3-4.8) cm 3 in the GA group. There was no difference in margin involvement or repeat conization between the groups. The procedure time, time to complete hemostasis, intraoperative blood loss, and early postoperative blood loss were similar between the groups. The visual analog scale scores were higher in the LA group at 1, 2, and 4 hours postoperatively, but the differences between the groups were not significant. In addition, the median faces pain scale-revised scores at 1, 2, and 4 hours postoperatively were not significantly different between the LA and GA groups. CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed no difference in pain during the postoperative period, need for additional analgesia, volume of the extracted cone specimens, rate of positive surgical margin, bleeding volume, or operation time in women undergoing loop electrosurgical excision procedure under LA versus GA.