Rootstock potential of Turkish Lagenaria siceraria germplasm for watermelon: plant growth, yield and quality


Karaca F., YETİŞİR H. , SOLMAZ İ., Candir E., Kurt S., SARI N., ...Daha Fazla

TURKISH JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY, cilt.36, ss.167-177, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 36 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3906/tar-1101-1716
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.167-177

Özet

Özet: Türkiye’nin su kaba¤› (Lagenaria siceraria) genetik kaynaklar›n›n karpuz için anaçl›k potansiyeli araflt›r›lm›flt›r. Çal›flma için morfolojik karakterlere göre 210 genotip aras›ndan 72 su kaba¤› genotipi seçilmifltir. ‹ki tane ticari anaç da karfl›laflt›rma amac› ile kullan›lm›flt›r. Afl› tutma oran›n› belirleme çal›flmas›nda kalem olarak Crimson Tide karpuz çeflidi kullan›lm›flt›r. Afl› kombinasyonlar›nda ç›k›fltaki homojenlik, hipokotil morfolojisi, afl› tutuma oran› ve Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum (FON)’a dayan›kl›l›k belirlenmifltir. Ayr›ca, afl›lanm›fl bitkiler, anaçlar›n bitki geliflimine etkilerini araflt›rmak için saks›larda 3 hafta süreyle yetifltirilmifltir. Yaprak say›s›, bitki kuru a¤›rl›¤› ve kök kuru a¤›rl›¤› tespit edilmifltir. Fide ç›k›fl›ndaki homojenlik % 72 ile % 100 aras›nda de¤iflmifltir. En yüksek afl› tutma oaran› % 99, en düflük afl› tutuma oran› ise % 70 olarak tespit edilmifltir. Afl›lanm›fl olan bitkiler kontrol bitkilerine oranla daha iyi geliflme göstermifllerdir. Bütün su kaba¤› genotipleri FON’un üç ›rk›na da dayan›kl› bulunmufltur. Su kaba¤› genotiplerinden dokuzunda sararma gözlenmifl, ancak yap›lan inceleme sonucunda sararman›n FON’dan kaynaklanmad›¤› belirlenmifltir. FON’un üç ›rk›na duyarl› olan Crimson Sweet karpuz çeflidi, yüksek afl› tutma oran› gösteren 10 su kaba¤› genotipi üzerine, anac›n FON’a dayan›kl›l›k üzerindeki etkisini araflt›rmak için afl›lanm›flt›r. Afl›lanm›fl bitkilerin hepsi FON’a dayan›kl› bulunurken, afl›lanmam›fl bitkiler FON’un 3 ›rk›na da duyarl› bulunmufllard›r. Sonuçlar, Türkiye su kaba¤› genetik kaynaklar›n›n karpuz için Fusarium’a karfl› güçlü bir anaç potansiyeline sahip oldu¤unu ve ›slah programlar› için iyi bir kaynak oldu¤unu göstermifltir

Abstract: The rootstock potential of Turkish Lagenaria siceraria germplasm for watermelon was evaluated. Among 210 accessions, 72 genotypes were selected based on morphological characteristics. Two commercial hybrid rootstocks were also used for comparison. Crimson Tide watermelon cultivar was used as a scion. Emergence rate, hypocotyl morphology, survival rate, and resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum (FON) were investigated. Grafted plants were grown for 3 weeks in order to investigate the effect of rootstocks on plant growth. Leaf number, shoot dry weight, and root dry weight were determined. Emergence rate was ranked between 72% and 100% in collected genotypes. The highest graft compatibility was 99% while the lowest graft compatibility was 70%. All the grafted plants showed better performance than control plants regarding plant growth. All bottle gourd genotypes were tested against known 3 races of FON and all of them showed resistance against it. However, 9 genotypes showed yellowing but reisolation from those plants showed that yellowing was not due to FON. Crimson Sweet watermelon cv. susceptible to 3 races of FON was grafted onto 10 Lagenaria siceraria genotypes with the highest graft compatibility with watermelon. While all grafted plants showed resistance to FON, ungrafted Crimson Sweet watermelon cv. was found susceptible to 3 races of FON. The results showed that Turkish L. siceraria germplasm has powerful rootstock potential for watermelon against Fusarium wilt and it is a good resource for rootstock breeding programs.