Comparison of the Efficacy of Two Different Types of Splint Used in Patients with TemporomandibularJoint Disorders

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Kılıç K., Eraslan R., Leblebicioğlu Kurtuluş İ.

Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, vol.6, no.3, pp.1-8, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


Objectives: One of the most common treatment modalities for patients with a diagnosis of reduced disc displacement is occlusal splinting. Stabilization splints (SS) and anterior repositioning splints (ARS) are frequently used in such cases.

Materials and Methods: The effects of these two splint types on patient satisfaction were evaluated in patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). 25 healthy people with no pathology of the temporomandibular joint were included as a control group. ARS’s were used in 18 patients; all patients used the splints for 2 months. The splint was then converted into a stabilization splint for use for 1 further month. In the other 32 patients, a SS was used for 1 month. All the patients filled out the same temporomandibular questionnaire (TQ) again after the ARS was converted into a SS and had been used for 1 month.

Results: The use of both types of splint significantly affected scores on the TQ (p < 0.05). There was a significant difference in questionnaire results among the control group, SS group, and ARS group before treatment (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in questionnaire results among the three groups after treatment (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: These results indicate that the use of both ARS and SS significantly increased satisfaction among patients with TMD.