A Rare Cause of Male Infertility: 45,X/46,XY Mosaicism


AKINSAL E. C. , BAYDİLLİ N. , BAYRAMOV R. , EKMEKÇİOĞLU O.

UROLOGIA INTERNATIONALIS, cilt.101, ss.481-485, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 101 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000484615
  • Dergi Adı: UROLOGIA INTERNATIONALIS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.481-485

Özet

Objective: To present the clinical, chromosomal, and endocrinological features of 8 infertile male cases with the 45,X/46,XY karyotype who were admitted to our infertility clinic. Materials and Methods: The records of cases who were admitted to our infertility clinic between 1999 and 2015 were investigated. Eight cases with 45,X/46,XY were detected. The clinical, endocrinological, and chromosomal assessments were analyzed. Each patient's height, weight, body mass index, testicular volume, endocrine hormone levels, follow-up period semen analysis, testicular biopsy reports, and karyotype analysis were evaluated retrospectively. Results: Some cases had a short stature, but often their phenotypes were normal. Seven of the cases had normal testosterone levels and all cases, except one, had elevated gonadotropin levels. All cases were azoospermic and testicular biopsy showed Sertoli cell-only syndrome. Peripheral blood karyotype revealed 45,X/46,XY mosaicism in all cases. Metaphase counts and percentages were different. Conclusions: Individuals with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism that have a normal male phenotype form make up a rare subgroup of the 45,X/46,XY karyotype. These individuals usually present with infertility and were diagnosed based on the results of the karyotype analysis during azoo or severe oligospermia evaluation. (c) 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel