Enhancing employees' duty orientation and moral potency: Dual mechanisms linking ethical psychological climate to ethically focused proactive behaviors

Gok K., Babalola M. T., Sumanth J. J., Lakshman C., Linh Chi Vo L. C. V., Decoster S., ...More

JOURNAL OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR, vol.44, no.1, pp.157-175, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/job.2667
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, IBZ Online, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Criminal Justice Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), INSPEC, Psycinfo, vLex
  • Page Numbers: pp.157-175
  • Keywords: cross-cultural, duty orientation, ethical psychological climate, ethical taking charge, ethical voice, moral attentiveness, moral potency, SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY, MODERATED MULTIPLE-REGRESSION, WORK CLIMATE, ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT, TURNOVER INTENTION, DECISION-MAKING, JOB-PERFORMANCE, SELF-EFFICACY, METHOD BIAS, VOICE
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Based on social cognitive theory (SCT), we develop and test a model that links ethical psychological climate to ethically focused proactive behavior (i.e., ethical voice and ethical taking charge) via two distinct mechanisms (i.e., duty orientation and moral potency). Results from multi-wave field studies conducted in the United States, Turkey, France, Vietnam, and India demonstrate that an ethical psychological climate indirectly influences employees' ethical voice and ethical taking charge behaviors through the dual mechanisms of duty orientation and moral potency. Additionally, we find that individuals' moral attentiveness strengthened these mediating processes. Together, these findings suggest that ethical psychological climate is an important antecedent of ethically focused proactive behavior by stimulating individuals' sense of duty and enhancing their moral potency, particularly when employees are already highly attuned to moral issues.