Prenatal Diagnosis and Postnatal Outcome of Schizencephaly


Kutuk M. S. , Gorkem S. B. , Bayram A. , Doganay S., CANPOLAT M. , BAŞBUĞ M.

JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY, cilt.30, ss.1388-1394, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 30 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/0883073814556312
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1388-1394

Özet

The aim of this study was to present our experience with 5 cases of fetal schizencephaly in terms of prenatal diagnostic features, and postnatal outcome. The database of prenatal diagnosis unit was searched for antenatally diagnosed cases with schizencephaly. Maternal characteristics, ultrasonography, prenatal-postnatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and postnatal outcome were noted. Of 5 cases, 2 had definitive prenatal diagnoses on ultrasound and 3 cases were diagnosed by fetal MRI. All cases had cerebral cortical migration anomalies including polymicrogyria, subependymal heterotopia, and lissencephaly, and 2 cases had additional extracranial malformations. Three cases showed regression of the cerebral clefts on follow-up postnatal MRIs. Three cases had moderate to severe psychomotor retardation, and 1 case needed repeated ventriculoperitoneal shunt operation due to hydrocephaly. Prenatal diagnosis of schizencephaly with ultrasonography is not straightforward and required further evaluation with fetal MRI. Additional cerebral anomalies worsen the prognosis of schizencephaly.