Cardioprotection from ischemia-reperfusion injury due to Ras-GTPase inhibition is attenuated by glibenclamide in the globally ischemic heart


Al-Rashdan I., Canatan H. , Al-Maghrebi M., Yousif M. H. M. , Khan S. A. , Benter I. F.

CELL BIOCHEMISTRY AND FUNCTION, cilt.25, ss.455-461, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 25 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1027/cbf.1353
  • Dergi Adı: CELL BIOCHEMISTRY AND FUNCTION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.455-461

Özet

The present study was designed to see if acute local inhibition of Ras-GTPase before or after ischemia (during perfusion) would produce protection against ischemia and reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac dysfunction. The effect of glibenclamide, an inhibitor of cardiac mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channels, on Ras-GTPase-mediated cardioprotection was also studied. A 40 min episode of global ischemia followed by a 30 min reperfusion in perfused rat hearts produced significantly impaired cardiac function, measured as left ventricular developed pressure (P-max) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). Perfusion with Ras-GTPase inhibitor FPT III before I/R [FPT(pre)], significantly enhanced cardiac recovery in terms of left ventricular contractility. P-max was significantly higher at the end of 30 min reperfusion in FPT(pre)-treated hearts compared to pre-conditioned hearts. However, the degree of improvement in left ventricular contractility was significantly less when FPT III was given only after ischemia during reperfusion [FPT(post)]. Combination treatment with FPT III and glibenclamide before I/R resulted in significant reduction of FPT III-mediated cardioprotection. These data suggest that activation of Ras-GTPase signaling pathways during ischemia are critical in the development of left ventricular dysfunction and that opening of mitoK(ATP) channels, at least in part, contributes to cardioprotection produced by Ras-GTPase inhibition. Copyright (C) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

The present study was designed to see if acute local inhibition of Ras-GTPase before or after ischemia (during perfusion) would produce protection against ischemia and reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac dysfunction. The effect of glibenclamide, an inhibitor of cardiac mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channels, on Ras-GTPase-mediated cardioprotection was also studied. A 40 min episode of global ischemia followed by a 30 min reperfusion in perfused rat hearts produced significantly impaired cardiac function, measured as left ventricular developed pressure (P(max)) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). Perfusion with Ras-GTPase inhibitor FPT III before I/R [FPT(pre)], significantly enhanced cardiac recovery in terms of left ventricular contractility. P(max) was significantly higher at the end of 30 min reperfusion in FPT(pre)-treated hearts compared to pre-conditioned hearts. However, the degree of improvement in left ventricular contractility was significantly less when FPT III was given only after ischemia during reperfusion [FPT(post)]. Combination treatment with FPT III and glibenclamide before I/R resulted in significant reduction of FPT III-mediated cardioprotection. These data suggest that activation of Ras-GTPase signaling pathways during ischemia are critical in the development of left ventricular dysfunction and that opening of mitoK(ATP) channels, at least in part, contributes to cardioprotection produced by Ras-GTPase inhibition.