Unsteady aerodynamics and flow-induced vibrations of a low aspect ratio rectangular membrane wing with excess length


GENÇ M. S.

EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE, cilt.44, ss.749-759, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

Özet

In this study, an experimental investigation of a low aspect ratio rectangular membrane wing with excess length was presented at angles of attack ranging from 0 degrees to 25 degrees at Reynolds number of 48,700. Time-accurate measurements of membrane deformation using Digital Image Correlation system, and velocity field measurements with Digital Particle Image Velocimetry system were carried out while normal forces of the wing were measured by helping a load-cell system. The experimental results showed that the camber of membrane wing with excess length excited the separated shear layer and this situation increased the lift coefficient relatively more as compared to membrane wings without excess length. At the angles of attack of alpha = 6-10 degrees and alpha = 19-22 degrees, dominant vibrational modes were obtained as a spanwise mode of two, whereas dominant spanwise modes were three at alpha = 11-18 degrees and alpha = 23-25 degrees. Moreover, the membrane wings with excess length exhibited small separated regions since the shear layer was closer to the membrane wing surface although camber of the wing increased. Consequently, it was shown that in membrane wings with low aspect ratio, unsteadiness included tip vortices and vortex shedding, and the combination of tip vortices and vortex shedding caused complex unsteady deformations of these membrane wings. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.