© 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of ranibizumab and aflibercept in macular edema (ME) with serous retinal detachment (SRD) following branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Methods: Once every month for 3 months, 33 patients were treated with ranibizumab (Group 1), whereas 30 others were treated with aflibercept (Group 2). In 9 months after that, patients were evaluated every 4 weeks and received additional injections if they met prespecified criteria for retreatment. Corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central foveal thickness (CFT), and height of SRD was measured. Results: During the first 3 months, the improvement of CFT, BCVA, and height of SRD were greater in Group 2 than Group 1. Those differences disappeared in the subsequent 9 months, and changes in CFT, BCVA, and height of SRD were similar between groups at all other visits. Conclusion: Aflibercept was more effective than ranibizumab from baseline to Month 3 in ME with SRD following BRVO.