The Relationship between Oral Health and Sleep Quality in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Deniz Şafak E., Celik F., Mazicioglu M. M., Akin S., Manav T. Y., Kesim S., ...More

NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PRACTICE, vol.26, no.10, pp.1449-1455, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_756_22
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1449-1455
  • Keywords: Community-dwelling, older adults, oral health, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, sleep quality
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: The assessment of the sleep status of older adults and its relationship to oral health can help determine their well-being and quality of life. In accordance with this purpose, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between oral health and sleep quality in community-dwelling older adults in an urban area.Materials and Methods: The data of this study were taken from the Kayseri Elderly Health Study. The study group was administered a questionnaire form and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. A specialist dentist examined the oral health conditions (dentures use; caries; deficient, filled, natural teeth numbers; periodontal health) using the Community Periodontal Index and the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14-TR).Results: One hundred forty (38.1%) of the study group were female, and 227 (61.9%) were male. When evaluated in terms of oral hygiene, there was a statistically significant difference between those with good sleep quality and poor sleep quality in terms of mechanical interventions such as using toothpaste and an inter-dental brush, and also, OHIP-14-TR was significant. In the binary logistic regression analysis, OHIP-14-TR was found to be a significant risk factor, reflecting only the subjective interpretation of the older adults in terms of oral health-related quality of life (odds ratio: 1.069, 95.0% confidence interval: 1.043-1.096).Conclusion: This is the first epidemiologic study to examine the relationship between oral health status and sleep quality, in which many oral health indicators are evaluated together in Turkish community-dwelling older adults. OHIP-14-TR may be a useful tool to employ in sleep disorder clinics for older people.