Comparison of laparoscopic adnexal mass extraction via the transumbilical and transvaginal routes


Gungorduk K., GÜLSEREN V., Ozdemir I. A.

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, vol.42, no.7, pp.3112-3116, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01443615.2022.2106556
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.3112-3116
  • Keywords: Laparoscopic surgery, adnexal mass, transvaginal route, TRANSLUMINAL ENDOSCOPIC SURGERY, SPECIMEN EXTRACTION, COLORECTAL SURGERY, VAGINAL EXTRACTION, RETRIEVAL, MANAGEMENT
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study was performed to compare the transumbilical (TU) and transvaginal (TV) routes for adnexal mass removal from the abdominal cavity. Data from 93 women who underwent laparoscopic (LS) surgery for the removal of benign adnexal masses at three centres between January 2016 and December 2020 were examined retrospectively. The specimen retrieval times in the TU and TV groups were 9.0 +/- 2.0 and 9.8 +/- 2.5 min, respectively (p = .373). Additional analgesic was required in 13.8% and 14.3% of cases in the TU and TV groups, respectively. The mean 3-month (2-4 months) postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score was lower in the TV group than in the TU group. The postoperative vaginal length did not differ between the TU and TV groups (8.9 (8.7-9.1) vs. 8.7 (8.4-9.1) cm; p = .465). Oophorectomy and the TU route were found to be independent risk factors for the worsening of the VAS score. Sexual function index scores were similar in the two groups. The TV method for specimen removal in LS surgery may cause less pain in the early postoperative period and less dyspareunia in the later period without shortening the length of the vagina.Impact Statement What is already known on this subject? Compared with open procedures, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is associated with faster recovery times, better patient quality of life and lower postoperative complication rates. The removal of an adnexal mass from the abdominal cavity is performed most commonly using the suprapubic, transumbilical (TU) or transvaginal (TV) route. What do the results of this study add? The specimen retrieval times in the TU and TV groups were 9.0 +/- 2.0 and 9.8 +/- 2.5 min, respectively (p = .373). The mean 3-month (2-4 months) postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score was lower in the TV group than in the TU group. Oophorectomy and the TU route were found to be independent risk factors for the worsening of the VAS score. Sexual function index scores were similar in the two groups. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? In conclusion, specimen removal via the TV route in LS surgery may cause less pain in the early postoperative period and less dyspareunia in the later period without reducing the length of the vagina.