An Overview of Peace Education in Turkey: Definitions, Difficulties, and Suggestions: A Qualitative Analysis

Demir S.

KURAM VE UYGULAMADA EGITIM BILIMLERI, vol.11, no.4, pp.1739-1745, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Page Numbers: pp.1739-1745


In modern world, advances and changes experienced in social, political, and economic domains cannot be effective in diminishing the unwanted behaviors displayed by individuals in a society. This underpins the need for creating a peace culture based on equality, justice, democracy, human rights, tolerance, and solidarity in a society. The purpose of this study is to examine the opinions of classroom teachers in Turkey about different aspects of peace as a concept and peace education in terms of problems, expectations, and suggestions. This research has been designed in accordance with qualitative research paradigm, and semi-structured interview technique has been employed as the data collection tool. 13 teachers have voluntarily participated in this study. Findings have revealed that participating teachers have similar definitions regarding not only global and national peace, but also individual peace. Predominantly test-oriented and exam-based education system have been found to be the reason why educational institutions cannot fulfill their duties and responsibilities concerning peace education, and the struggle to realize parents expectations about the test-oriented program impedes all other efforts that could otherwise be spent on peace education. Furthermore, teachers have been determined to have low levels of awareness, knowledge, and skills related with peace education.