Laser modification of polyamide fabrics


Bahtiyari M. I.

OPTICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY, vol.43, no.1, pp.114-118, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2010.05.014
  • Title of Journal : OPTICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.114-118

Abstract

A new method for the modification of the properties of polyamide fabric, based on exposure to the output from a CO(2) laser, has been investigated. It was found that, after laser modification of polyamide fabric, the dyeability of fabric was increased significantly, while the bursting strength was decreased The reasons for this drastic increase in dyeability of polyamide fabrics have been analyzed with the help of FTIR and iodine sorption methods, revealing a relationship with a decrease in the crystallinity of the polyamide. It was observed that, as the laser modification of the fabric was carried out with low intensity, the concentration of free amino groups, which are necessary during dyeing with acid and reactive dyes, increased (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.