Demetrius Zambaco Pasha (1832-1913): The first leprologist of the Orient.

Tekiner H., Karamanou M.

Journal of medical biography, vol.29, no.4, pp.262-269, 2021 (AHCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0967772020936958
  • Journal Name: Journal of medical biography
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, American History and Life, EMBASE, Historical Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.262-269
  • Keywords: 19th century, biography, France, Greece, history of dermatology, leprosy, Ottoman Empire
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Demetrius Zambaco Pasha (1832-1913) was an internationally renowned Ottoman-born French dermatologist of Greek origin who is considered the first leprologist of the Orient. A graduate from the Faculty of Medicine in Paris, he practised there until he returned to Istanbul in 1872 and later served as a private physician to the Ottoman sultan Abdul Hamid II (1842-1918), then Abbas Hilmi Pasha (1874-1944), the last Khedive of Egypt. Dr Zambaco produced numerous publications in a variety of medical subjects including leprosy, syphilis, morphinomania, eunuchs, and medical history. Leprosy, however, was his main field of scientific interest, with nearly 40 studies published and many other communications presented at international medical congresses. Due to his outstanding scientific contributions, Dr Zambaco garnered many accolades including the Cholera Medal of Honour, the Montyon Prize, and Legion d'Honneur from France as well as the honorary title of Pasha, a higher rank in the political and military system, from the Ottoman Empire.