Screening Some Turkish and Foreign Apricot Cultivars for Self-Compatibility


Pinar H. , BIRCAN M., UNLU M. , KAYMAK S., UZUN A. , YILMAZ K. U.

2nd Balkan Symposium on Fruit Growing, Pitesti, Romanya, 5 - 07 Eylül 2011, cilt.981, ss.185-190 identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 981
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Pitesti
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Romanya
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.185-190

Özet

Turkey is the most important country in terms of apricot production in the world. Apricot has been produced throughout Anatolia since ancient times for its edible fruit, but mostly in Eastern Anatolia. In flowering plants, gametophytic self-incompatibility is one of the major problem preventing self-fertilization controlled by a single locus with some allelic variants. Among the fruits, apricots also shows self-incompatibility especially originated from Middle-Asian and Iranian-Caucasian. In our research, we have studied some apricot cultivars in terms of self-compatible/incompatible in Turkey. Apricot cultivars used in this study consisted of 30 Turkish and 45 foreign accessions. Analyses were carried out using one primer pair showed compatible marker. After the DNA isolation and PCR process, PCR product was conducted in metaphor agarose. According to results, 8 of 30 Turkish cultivars were self-compatible whereas 22 of them were self-incompatible. On the other hand, most of foreign cultivars (31 of 46) were self-compatible. Because of Turkish apricots are mostly self-incompatible pollinator cultivars should be considered for plantation new orchards with these self-incompatible cultivars.