Human well-being versus ecological footprint in MENA countries: A trade-off?

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Kassouri Y., Altıntaş H.

Journal Of Environmental Management, cilt.263, ss.1-16, 2020 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 263 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110405
  • Dergi Adı: Journal Of Environmental Management
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1-16


How to improve environmental quality and achieve human development remains major sustainability issues,

particularly in the MENA region (the Middle East and North Africa). Most of the empirical literature fails to

consider human well-being and environmental quality together although these concepts are fundamentally

similar in their concern for distributive justice. This inquiry uses panel data for 13 MENA countries over the

period 1990–2016 to examine the association between human development and ecological footprint and test

whether trade-off nexus holds between these two sustainability-based indicators. To increase the policy relevance

of this inquiry, the MENA region is divided into two sub-groups of countries: seven oil exporting countries

and six non-oil exporting countries. The highlights pointed out the presence of a strong trade-off between the

ecological footprint and human well-being captured by human development index for the whole sample and

across the two subsamples. The crucial role played by economic institutions may help the MENA countries to

mitigate the trade-offs to achieve simultaneously both targets of human well-being and environmental protection.

Our empirical insights have important implications for achieving human development sustainability

through the pursuit of the individual SDG targets.