2. ASM INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP OF COMPOSTING AND BIOGAS TECHNOLOGIES, ANTALYA, TURKEY, Antalya, Türkiye, 16 - 18 Kasım 2017, ss.18
As the poultry industry expands in Turkey, farmers are faced with the challenge of disposing of increasing volumes of poultry litter. When directly applied to farmlands, untreated poultry litters cause serious air, water and soil pollution. Therefore, this vast amount of waste material should be subjected to various treatment alternatives before to dispose them. Composting is one option that producers should consider as a way of increasing the value and potential markets for their litter, while moving excess nutrients from their operations. There are many potential on-farm and off-arm uses and markets for compost including the nursery industry, organic growers and vegetable producers, homeowners, golf courses, highways and land reclamation. Composting is a simple, natural process poultry producers in Turkey can use to produce a marketable product. Composted poultry litter has few, if any, odors. It is a more stable and more consistent material that fresh litter, so is less likely to damage plants. The off-farm removal of poultry litter as compost is an environmentally sound method of removing excess nutrients from many land limited operations, and can be an important way of protecting our ground and surface waters from the excessive loading of litter nutrients. In this study, poultry litter composting practices of Turkish farmers were assessed and recommendations were provided efficient composting for the litters of large poultry operations.