3rd ASM International Congress of Agriculture and Environment, Antalya, Türkiye, 16 - 18 Kasım 2017, cilt.2, ss.44-45
Together with ever-increasing populations, water and food demand of people are also increasing. Such demands then exert a serious threats on limited water resources. Pollution, limited nature of water resources, climate change and resultant global warming have brought the water and treatment technologies into the first place of the world’s agenda. Wastewaters are most of the time discharged into receiving bodies without any treatments due to high treatment costs of conventional treatment systems. On the other hand, constructed wetlands, also called as natural treatment system, provide a cheap and efficient way for wastewater treatment. These systems are specially designed systems imitating natural wetlands and including soil, plant and microorganisms to remove pollutants from wastewaters. They are commonly used for treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater in specially designed basins with aquatic plants and easily be used for small-to-medium sized communities. Constructed wetlands with their cheaper and easy construction, low energy and labor costs, easy operation, maintenance and monitoring are attracting great attentions in several parts of the world. In this study, general information was provided about the design, construction, operation and maintenance of constructed wetlands for domestic wastewater treatment, potential mistakes were pointed out and possible solutions were proposed to overcome these problems.