Effects of Different Irrigation Levels at Different Growth Stages on Chickpea under Drip Irrigation


Varol İ. S. , Kırnak H., İrik H. A. , Özaktan H.

International Conference on Agriculture, Forest, Food Sciences and Technologies (ICAFOF-2018 Çeşme-İzmir/ Turkey). , İzmir, Türkiye, 2 - 05 Nisan 2018, ss.515

  • Basıldığı Şehir: İzmir
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.515

Özet

Chickpea is commonly grown in central Anatolia region of Turkey. It is commonly grown 

under rain-fed conditions. However, significant improvements can be achieved in chickpea 

yields with irrigation. The present study was implemented to determine the effects of 

irrigations performed at different growth stages on vegetative and generative characteristics 

(plant weight, plant height, first pod height, number of branches per plant, number of pods per 

plant, number of kernels per pod and 100-kernel weight) of chickpea plants. Experiments 

were implemented over the experimental fields of Erciyes University Agricultural Faculty in 

2017 in randomized blocks design with 3 replications. Seven different irrigation treatments 

(T1: rainfed, T2: pre-bloom single irrigation, T3: single irrigation at the beginning of 

blooming, T4: single irrigation at 50% pod set, T5: two irrigations at 50% bloom and 50% 

pod-set, T6: two irrigations at pre-bloom and 50% pod-set, T7: full irrigation) were applied to 

chickpea  plants. Present findings were revealed that plants weights varied between 24.8 g 

(T1) - 43.9 g (T7) ; plant heights varied between 44.3 cm (T1) - 62.5 cm (T7); first pot heights 

varied between 24.5 cm (T1)  - 32 cm (T7); number of branches per plant varied between 2 

(T4) – 2.4 (T1); number of pods per plant varied between 14.6 (T1) and 27.5 (T5); number of 

kernels per pods varied between 12.6 (T1) - 26.9 (T4) and finally 100-kernel weights varied 

between 36.4 g (T4) - 40.8 (T6) g. While crop water consumption values varied between 213 

and 518 mm, irrigation water quantity applied in treatments varied between 87.1 and 308 mm. 

It was concluded that present irrigation treatments had significant effects on investigated 

vegetative and generative characteristics (p<0.05).