HEALTH, vol.5, no.2, pp.212-221, 2013 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)
The Relationship between Health Promoting Behaviors and Quality of Life in Nursing Home Residents in Kayseri
Vesile Şenol,1 Demet Ünalan,1 Ferhan Soyuer,1 and Mahmut Argün2
1 Erciyes University, H.B. Vocational School of Health, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
2 Erciyes University, H.B. Vocational School of Health and Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology,School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey
Correspondence should be addressed to Vesile S¸enol; firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 16 July 2013; Revised 2 December 2013; Accepted 3 December 2013; Published 4 February 2014
Academic Editor: Martin J. Sadowski
Copyright © 2014 Vesile Senol et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background and Aims. Healthy lifestyle behaviors are the major determinant of both prevention health and health related quality of life. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between health-promoting behaviors and quality of life of elderly individuals living in nursing homes. Methods. The study was performed between October 2008 and 2009, in the city of Kayseri in Turkey, upon 136 individuals, aged 65 and above, living in the Gazioglu Nursing Home. A sociodemographic questionnaire,
StandardizedMiniMental Test, Health Promoting Lifestyle Behaviors Profile (HPLP), andWHOQOL-OLD module were used for
the gathering of data. Results.The overall HPLP and quality of life (QoL) scores were 118.06 ± 20.54 and 43.45 ± 10.30, respectively. More than half of the participants have higher points than the mean QoL scores.The HPLP scores of these subjects were significantly higher compared to those with lower points than mean QoL scores. There was a positive relationship between the overall HPLP and WHOQOL-OLD mean scores, except for the autonomy and sensorial function domains. Conclusions.The study result showed that health-promoting behaviors are positively associated with better quality of life scores in the elderly subjects living in a nursing home.
Quality of life of elderly nursing home residents and its correlates in Kayseri. A descriptive-analytical design: A cross-sectional study*
Purpose: To define the level of quality of life in an elderly population and to investigate the ef- fects of selected variables, such as anemia, fa- tigue, depression and sleep disorders, on the quality of life. Design and Methods: The study was conducted in Gazioğlu Nursing Home, lo- cated in the city center of Kayseri, on 136 sub- jects ≥65 in the year 2008-2009. Data were col- lected using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-OLD (WHOQOL- OLD) Module. In the statistical analysis mean ± standard deviation, student’s t-test, ANOVA and Spearman correlation analysis were used. Re- sults: The mean total score of quality of life was 43.45 ± 10.30. Of the residents 47.0% had a poor quality of life. Autonomy had the lowest (35.70 ± 19.96) and intimacy had the highest (48.75 ± 17.96) subdomain scores. Fatigue significantly decreased the total and autonomy, social par- ticipation and death and dying subdomain scores. Anemia had a significant adverse effect on in- timacy, depression on autonomy and intimacy and sleep disorder on death and dying. There were negative correlations between fatigue with past-present-future activities and social partici- pation, depression with social participation, in- timacy, death and dying and glucose levels with social participation and intimacy. Implications: About half of the subjects had a poor quality of life. Fatigue was the sole factor to negatively affect the total score in WHOQOL-OLD. Depres- sion, anemia and sleep disorder adversely af- fected the autonomy, social participation, inti- macy, death and dying subdomain scores but not in all.
Keywords: Aged; Anemia; Fatigue; Depression; Sleep Disorder; Quality of Life