USING COVER CROPS TO IMPROVE SOIL QUALITY AND HAZELNUT YIELD


Demir Z., IŞIK D.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.29, no.4, pp.1974-1987, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Name: FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1974-1987
  • Keywords: Available water capacity, basal soil respiration, cover crops, clay loam, hazelnut yield, soil fertility, soil organic matter, ORGANIC-MATTER, NITROGEN-FERTILIZATION, MANAGEMENT, SYSTEMS, TILLAGE, PARAMETERS, CERRADO, MANURE, L.
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Effects of different cover crop treatments, mechanical cultivation and herbicide treatment on soil quality parameters and yield of a hazelnut orchard located in Samsun province of Turkey were investigated. Festuca rubra subsp. rubra (FRR), Trifolium repens (TR), Festuca arundinacea (FA), T repens (40%) + F. rubra rubra (30%) + F. Arundinacea (30%) mixture (TFF), Vicia villosa (VV) and Trifohum meneghinianum (TM) cover crops were used in a hazelnut orchard with clay loam soils. Experiments also included mechanical control (MC), herbicide control (HC) and bare control (BC) treatments. Soil samples were taken from two depth (0-20, 20-40 cm) to analyses for soil quality parameters. It was observed that cover crops improved soil quality variables at the 0-20 cm soil depth. Cover crop applications rised the organic matter (OM) content from 2.28% for bare soil to 3.64% for the VV application. Rises in OM content due to different cropping regimes were obtained in the following order: HC< BC< MC< FA< FRR< TM< TFF< TR< VV. VV application compared with the other applications determined the highest rises in OM (59.7%), total porosity (10.9%), saturated hydraulic conductivity (161.2%), aggregate stability (9.9%), electrical conductivity (68.6%) and the largest decrease in bulk density (11.7%). While the highest mean hazelnut yield (1516 kg ha(-1)) was found in the VV, the lowest mean hazelnut yield (1337 kg ha(-1)) was obtained with in the MC. Cover crops, especially VV and TR treatment, may be incorporated into cropping systems to improve soil quality variables and hazelnut yield.