Investigation of impact behaviour of aluminium based SiC particle reinforced metal-matrix composites


Ozden S. , Ekici R. , Nair F.

COMPOSITES PART A-APPLIED SCIENCE AND MANUFACTURING, vol.38, pp.484-494, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2006.02.026
  • Title of Journal : COMPOSITES PART A-APPLIED SCIENCE AND MANUFACTURING
  • Page Numbers: pp.484-494

Abstract

In this paper, the impact behaviour of aluminium and silicon carbide (SiC) particle reinforced aluminium matrix composites under different temperature conditions was determined. Charpy impact tests were performed on as extruded and heat treated specimen at temperatures varying from -176 to 300 degrees C. Composite specimens based on aluminium alloys of 2124, 5083 and 6063 and reinforced by SiC particles were manufactured. Two different SiC sizes of 157 mu m and 511 mu m and two different extrusion ratios of 13.63:1 and 19.63:1 were used. The results of instrumented impact tests were compared with the microstructural and fractographic observations. The failure mechanisms and deformation behaviour of unreinforced alloys and composites were assessed. The impact behaviour of composites was affected by clustering of particles, particle cracking and weak matrix-reinforcement bonding. Agglomeration of particles reduced the impact strength of Al 2124 and 6063 based composites. Aluminum 6063 alloys and composites showed a better impact strength. The impact strength of 6063 composites increased with particle size and extrusion ratio. The effects of the test temperature on the impact behaviour of all materials were not very significant.
In this paper, the impact behaviour of aluminium and silicon carbide (SiC) particle reinforced aluminium matrix composites under different temperature conditions was determined. Charpy impact tests were performed on as extruded and heat treated specimen at temperatures varying from -176 to 300 degrees C. Composite specimens based on aluminium alloys of 2124, 5083 and 6063 and reinforced by SiC particles were manufactured. Two different SiC sizes of 157 mu m and 511 mu m and two different extrusion ratios of 13.63:1 and 19.63:1 were used. The results of instrumented impact tests were compared with the microstructural and fractographic observations. The failure mechanisms and deformation behaviour of unreinforced alloys and composites were assessed. The impact behaviour of composites was affected by clustering of particles, particle cracking and weak matrix-reinforcement bonding. Agglomeration of particles reduced the impact strength of Al 2124 and 6063 based composites. Aluminum 6063 alloys and composites showed a better impact strength. The impact strength of 6063 composites increased with particle size and extrusion ratio. The effects of the test temperature on the impact behaviour of all materials were not very significant. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd.