Switchable solvent based liquid phase microextraction of uranium in environmental samples: a green approach


ANALYTICAL METHODS, vol.8, no.5, pp.979-986, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/c5ay02631h
  • Title of Journal : ANALYTICAL METHODS
  • Page Numbers: pp.979-986


This paper describes a new and green approach for the preconcentration and separation of U(V-I) by switchable solvent based liquid phase microextraction (SPS-LPME) and its UV-vis spectrophotometric determination. 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (PAN) as complexing agent was used. Conversion features of triethylamine (TEA) and protonated triethylamine bicarbonate (P-TEA-BC) as a green and cheap switchable solvent pair were used in the presented work. Protonated triethylamine bicarbonate (P-TEA-BC) as the polar form of the switchable polarity solvent (SPS) was successfully synthesized from triethylamine (TEA) via a proton transfer reaction and used for microextraction of the hydrophobic U(V-I)-PAN complex at pH 9.0. The relative standard deviation was 2.5% for five repeated determinations of model solutions containing 6 mu g L (1) of U(V-I). The limit of detection (LOD), the limit of quantification (LOQ) and enhancement factor were 0.3 mu g L-1, 1.0 mu g L-1 and 40, respectively. The accuracy of the method was evaluated by analyzing certified reference materials and addition-recovery tests. The method was successfully applied to the determination of uranium in water, sediment, soil and rock samples.