A new on-line flow injection (Fl) procedure for the sequential separation, preconcentration and speciation of Cr(III)/Cr(VI) species in different matrices is described based on the combining of solid phase extraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Poly 2-(5-methylisoxazol)methacrylamide-co-2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid-co-divinyl-benzene and Dowex 21K resins were used as chelating and ion-exchange materials for the separation/preconcentration of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) ions, respectively. Trace amounts of chromium retained on the resins were eluted sequentially with HNO3 and then introduced directly to the nebulizer-burner system of FAAS. The optimum conditions such as pH of the sample solution, amount of the resin, volume of the sample and interfering ions, which are effective on the quantitative recovery of the analytes, were investigated for sequential determination of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) ions. The preconcentration factors were found to be 48 and 30 for Cr(III) and Cr(VI), and the detection limits corresponding to three times the standard deviation of the blank (3s/b) were 0.05 and 0.3 mu g L-1, respectively. The method was verified by analyzing a certified reference material. The proposed method was applied to the determination based on the speciation of chromium in various real samples with satisfactory results. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.