Evaluation of the Reproductive Potential of Encephalitozoon intestinalis in Four Different Cell Line


ÇETİNKAYA Ü. , CHARYYEVA A., GURBUZ E.

MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI, cilt.52, ss.390-400, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 52 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5578/mb.67383
  • Dergi Adı: MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.390-400

Özet

Microsporidia are parasites that can cause infections in many vertebrate and invertebrate organisms and produce small spores resistant to environmental conditions. As they are obligate intracellular parasites, axenic cultures cannot be performed. The aim of this study was to investigate the reproductive potential of the parasite in human colon epidermal adenocarcinoma (Caco-2), human monocytic (U937), African green monkey renal epithelial (VERO) and human kidney epithelial (HEK-293) cell lines of tissue and organs where the parasite is located by following the culture of the parasites and the amount of spores for six weeks. RPMI-1640 medium was used for the cultivation of U937 cells, while DMEM was used for other cell lines and the immature U937 cells were stimulated with Phorbol-12-Myristate-13-Acetate before infection. All of the host cell groups were infected with freshly collected Encephalitozoon intestinails spores in ratio 1:30 and free spores in the culture media were removed after overnight incubation at 37 degrees C under 5% CO2 condition for parasite invasion. The first release of the spores from the infected cells was observed and recorded by following for six weeks. Furthermore, the spore density released from each cell groups was evaluated by measuring the parasite load by Thoma cell counting chamber and quantified by real-time PCR. As a result of the study, it was observed that four cell lines could be infected by E.intestinalis and the spore production can be maintained for six weeks. It was observed that the monolayer macrophages and CaCo-2 cells, started to be detached from the culture flasks in few days following the parasite invasion, thus decreasing the number of host cells. After 1-2 weeks, HEK-293 cells were also detached from the surface, thus negatively affected the pure spore production by contaminating the media with dead host cell suspension. Spores started to appear in VERO cell media at the end of the second week after initial infection, while it took longer time for other cells to start releasing spores. Over the course of six weeks, the VERO cell line had the highest spore-producing potential among the other cell lines. In conclusion, this study compared the potential for reproduction of E.intestinalis in three human cell lines and monkey originated VERO cell line. This study demonstrated that cells derived from the tissues or organs where Microsporidia species causes disseminated infections could be infected by the parasitic spores in vitro. Additionally, the parasite can survive and propagate longer than six weeks. The authors believe that the results of this study will contribute to the further studies related to the parasite in the area of genetics, pharmacology, biochemistry, immunology and eradication studies.