Effect of Weaving Process on Tensile Characterization of Single and Multiple Ends of Air-Entangled Textured Polyester Yarns

Bilisik K. , DEMİRYÜREK O.

FIBERS AND POLYMERS, cilt.12, sa.3, ss.376-383, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 12 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12221-011-0376-x
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.376-383


The tensile properties of air-entangled textured polyester single and multiple yarn ends before and after weaving were analyzed. The effects of weaving process considering fabric unit cell interlacement and number of yam ends were evaluated by regression model. For this purpose, plain, ribs and satin woven fabrics were produced. The yarns were raveled from fabrics, and the tensile tests were applied to these yarns. The developed regression model showed that the number of interlacement and crimp ratio on the warp and weft yams influence their tensile strength. Tensile strength of raveled yarns decreased compared to that of the bobbin yam due to the effect of weaving process. This property degradation on the ravel yarns considered process degradation. Generally, when the number of warp and weft yarn ends increases, the warp and weft yarn tensile strengths for each fabric type decrease, whereas the warp and weft yarn tensile elongations slightly increase. The results from regression model were compared with the measured values. This study confirmed that the method in the study can be a viable and reliable tool. The research finding could be useful those who work on preform fabrication.