Impaired red blood cell deformability is a hemorheological perturbation induced by many kinds of diseases. An increase in free radicals causes a reduction in erythrocyte flexibility and deformability. Carnosine is a dipeptide abundant in skeletal muscle and brain of humans. One of the main function of carnosine is its antioxidant and free-radical scavenger effect. In this study our aim is to investigate the protective effect of L-carnosine on RBCs in H2O2-induced oxidative stress in vitro conditions.