The Effect of Blend Ratio and Process Parameters on Tensile Properties of Polyester/Viscose Blended Needle-Punched Nonwovens


ÇİNÇİK E. , Koc E.

FIBERS AND POLYMERS, cilt.14, ss.1040-1049, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 14 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12221-013-1040-4
  • Dergi Adı: FIBERS AND POLYMERS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1040-1049

Özet

In this study, the tensile strength and elongation of polyester/viscose blended needle-punched nonwovens were analyzed. For this purpose, five different blend ratios of polyester/viscose webs were produced, cross-lapped and needled in four different mass per unit areas and three different needling/punching densities. The tensile properties of the nonwovens were determined by performing the standard test methods and the data obtained from tests were statistically analyzed in Design Expert software. In addition, a mixture process crossed regression model with two mixture components (polyester and viscose blend ratios) and two process variables (fabric mass per unit area and needling density) was developed to analyze the tensile strength and elongation of polyester/viscose blended needled nonwovens. In conclusion, the regression model indicated that the tensile strength of the needle-punched nonwovens decreases with the increase of polyester proportion in the mixture and increases with the increase in mass per unit area and punching density.
In this study, the tensile strength and elongation of polyester/viscose blended needle-punched nonwovens were analyzed. For this purpose, five different blend ratios of polyester/viscose webs were produced, cross-lapped and needled in four different mass per unit areas and three different needling/punching densities. The tensile properties of the nonwovens were determined by performing the standard test methods and the data obtained from tests were statistically analyzed in Design Expert software. In addition, a mixture process crossed regression model with two mixture components (polyester and viscose blend ratios) and two process variables (fabric mass per unit area and needling density) was developed to analyze the tensile strength and elongation of polyester/viscose blended needled nonwovens. In conclusion, the regression model indicated that the tensile strength of the needle-punched nonwovens decreases with the increase of polyester proportion in the mixture and increases with the increase in mass per unit area and punching density.