The Effect of Stress Level on Patient Care Behavior in Nurses


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Evli M. , Ödek Ö., Savaş M.

International Journal of Caring Sciences, cilt.14, sa.1, ss.326-336, 2021 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 14 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Dergi Adı: International Journal of Caring Sciences
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.326-336

Özet

Background: Stress is one of the issues that has existed since ancient times, but which the modern world focuses on most, and is affected by many individual, social and communal situations. One of these situations is the profession in which individuals work. The nursing profession is known to be one of the most stressful occupations. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of the stress level on nursing behavior and the factors affecting the stress they experience. Methods: 205 nurses working in Kayseri City Education and Research Hospital were included in this study. The research data were collected by the Introductory Information Form, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Patient Care Behaviors-24 Scale. Results: According to the results of the study, the total mean of perceived stress was 44.05±6.36 and the total point average of care behavior perception was 5.29±0.52. . It is observed that there is a relationship between nursing behaviors and perceived stress, and that 5.6% of variance changes in care behaviors are due to perceived stress total and 26.6% are due to inadequate self-sufficiency perception and stress disturbance perception. These variables appear to contribute significantly to variance variation in maintenance behavior (p<0.001). Conclusion: It is seen that the level of stress perceived by nurses positively affects patient care behaviors. However, this can cause nurses to experience extreme and sustained stress and increased burnout levels. For this reason, it is recommended to take steps to reduce the stress of nurses such as activating individual and social support systems, providing skills training to cope with stress, evaluating workload and reducing it if necessary, regulating wages and working environment.