NEUROSURGICAL REVIEW, cilt.24, ss.108-113, 2001 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Acute management of deep-seated hematomas remains controversial. Since patients with these hematoma. later tend Po develop severe edema and necrosis around the lesion, when surgery is indicated it should be done as early as possible. The purpose of this study was to compare whether early surgical removal and conservative treatment of primary thalamic hematoma correlated with improved neurological outcome. Last year, 61 patients with primary thalamic hematomas were admitted to our institution. Of these, 21 underwent surgery via contralateral transcallosal approach during the ultra-early stage (within 6 hours) after the apoplectic attack, and 24 patients were treated conservatively. Another 16 patients were excluded from the study due to systemic disease, mild hematoma (<40 cc), and deep coma associated with absence of brain stem reflexes. Initial Glasgow coma scores (GCS) at admission were similar for operated and nonoperated patients (8.641.93 versus 9.50 +/-2.10, P>0.05). In the operated group, two patients had good recoveries and returned to normal life (Glasgow Outcome Score, or GOS, I), four had moderate disability and needed partial care (GOS II), six had severe disability and needed nursing care (GOS III), and six had a vegetative state (GOS IV). However, in the nonoperated group, one patient had good recovery and returned to normal life (GOS I), two had moderate disability and needed partial home care (GOS II), three had severe disability and needed nursing care (GOS III), and six had a vegetative state (GOS IV). In this group, the 30-day mortality rate was 50%. Mortality was markedly lower in the operated group (14.3%) than the nonoperated group, and this difference was statistically significant (chi (2)=3.33, P<0.05). From this study, we believe that evacuation of primary thalamic hematoma via the contralateral transcallosal microsurgical approach may be useful for deciding on the indication and predicting the functional prognosis.