Experimental investigation of steel fiber reinforced concrete box beams under bending

Altun F., Haktanir T., Ari K.

MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, vol.39, no.4, pp.491-499, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1617/s11527-006-9095-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.491-499
  • Keywords: steel fiber reinforced, box beams, behaviour
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Reduction of dead weight of a reinforced-concrete (RC) structure without too much concession in its load carrying capacity has always been an attractive study subject because it engenders (1) a decrease in dimensions of the members, (2) a decrease in the reinforcement steel, and (3) a decrease in lateral inertia forces during severe earthquakes. In this study, nine RC beams of outer dimensions of 300 x 300 x 2000 mm, six of which are box beams, designed and produced using a C20 class steel fiber concrete, (SFRC) with the commonly used steel fiber type of Dramix-RC-80/0.60-BN at a dosage of 30 kg/m(3), are tested under bending. The mechanical behaviours of all these nine beams under bending are recorded from the beginning of the test till the ultimate failure of the tensile reinforcement in a two-point beam-loading setup. The proportions of (1) loss in ultimate load versus reduction in dead weight and (2) (ultimate experimental load)/(ultimate theoretical load) of the SFRC box beams are determined for two different box thicknesses. Dimensionless behaviour relationships of all the SFRC beams are determined, and the experimentally obtained relationship between the ratio of (actual ultimate load)/(theoretical ultimate load) and the ratio of (wall thickness)/(beam height) for the SFRC box beams is expressed diagrammatically.