Pituitary Cell Turnover: From Adult Stem Cell Recruitment through Differentiation to Death


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GARCIA-LAVANDEIRA M., DIAZ-RODRIGUEZ E., Bahar D. , GARCIA-RENDUELES A. R. , RODRIGUES J. S. , DIEGUEZ C., ...Daha Fazla

NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY, cilt.101, ss.175-192, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 101 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000375502
  • Dergi Adı: NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.175-192

Özet

The recent demonstration using genetic tracing that in the adult pituitary stem cells are normally recruited from the niche in the marginal zone and differentiate into secretory cells in the adenopituitary has elegantly confirmed the proposal made when the pituitary stem cell niche was first discovered 5 years ago. Some of the early controversies have also been resolved. However, many questions remain, such as which are the markers that make a pituitary stem cell truly unique and the exact mechanisms that trigger recruitment from the niche. Little is known about the processes of commitment and differentiation once a stem cell has left the niche. Moreover, the acceptance that pituitary cells are renewed by stem cells implies the existence of regulated mechanisms of cell death in differentiated cells which must themselves be explained. The demonstration of an apoptotic pathway mediated by RET/caspase 3/Pit-1/Arf/p53 in normal somatotrophs is therefore an important step towards understanding how pituitary cell number is regulated. Further work will elucidate how the rates of the three processes of cell renewal, differentiation and apoptosis are balanced in tissue homeostasis after birth, but altered in pituitary hyperplasia in response to physiological stimuli such as puberty and lactation. Thus, we can aim to understand the mechanisms underlying human disease due to insufficient (hypopituitarism) or excess (pituitary tumor) cell numbers. (C) 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel