Spatial Planning and Risk Reduction Plan Integratıon Process / Review-Evaluation

Şahin Ş., Yılmaz Bakır N.

3.Uluslararası Afet ve Dirençlilik Kongresi, Ankara, Turkey, 5 - 07 October 2021, pp.8-11

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.8-11
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes



In recent years, the number of natural disasters has been increasing due to the imbalances growing and destruction of nature by human.   As a result, depending on disasters e loss of life and property.All the countries are trying to create an effective disaster management system in order to minimize the negative effects of natural disasters.

In our country, especially after 2010, with the establishment of the  Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD), studies on disasters are carried out with the Integrated Disaster Management System model.Within the framework of this model, in order to prevent the damages caused by disasters and emergencies, studies are carried out to determine the dangers and risks in advance and to take measures, ensure effective response and coordination and conducting post-disaster recovery works in integrity .

In this context,  Sendai Risk Reduction Framework Action Plan (2015-2030), which was prepared by taking advantage of the principles in the 11th Development Plan, Yokohama Strategy and the Hyogo Framework Action Plan   is aimed to resilience of cities to disasters. As of 2020, Turkey's Disaster Risk Reduction Plan and its accompanying Provincial Risk Reduction Plan  (abbreviated in Turkish as İRAP) studies have been started. İRAP addresses the need to manage underlying disaster risk drivers and strengthening good governance in disaster risk management, with focus on local governments including authorities and managers at city or other sub-national levels. It provides an important boost to efforts to meet a key target in the Sendaı Framework, Target (E) which seeks to increase the number of countries with national and local strategies.  However, there is no explanation as to how the actions that integrate with these plan which were prepared with a wide participation of public institutions, organizations, universities, under the leadership of AFAD and  spatial plan that guide the cities and development.

With in this study, the process of establishing the relationship between risk reduction plans and spatial plans and its components will be evaluated. In this evaluation, first of all, the decision mechanisms and the reflection of the plan will be discussed. Provincial Risk Reduction Plans have a structure that produces decisions from macro scale to micro scale details throughout the city. At this stage, it will be discussed in which processes and scales this decision system will take place in the planning hierarchy. In the second stage, an evaluation will be made through legal processes. In the third stage, authorization, coordination processes and requirements in planning will be examined. As a result of the study, solution suggestions will be presented on how the integration process of risk reduction plans with urban plans should be and the applicability of the actions in risk reduction plans.


Keywords: Disaster, Disaster Management, Risk Reduction, Spatial planning