International Conference on Sustainable Development, Skopje, Macedonia, 19 - 23 October 2016, pp.335-339
Drought, rainfall for many years less than average to happen, it is a natural climatic event which can occur anywhere at any time. Drought has affected every aspect of our lives including environment, urban life, economy, technology, agriculture, food, clean water and sanitation. Drought is a natural phenomenon which has significant impacts such as economic, social and environmental. Because of the difficulty of determining the beginning and end of drought differs from other natural disasters. The effects of drought is often seen on agriculture as the first, and gradually spread to other water-dependent sectors. The importance of the drought is larger on the agricultural sector. Irrigation interval is prolonged and the amount of irrigation water is decreased with the occurrence of drought as a result of rainfall decreased. Accordingly, the yield is reduced, deteriorating product quality and production quantity is below expectation. The total rainfall in the root zone of crop during the growing period is more important than the total annual rainfall. Absence of requested water by crop during growing period is called agricultural drought. The studies which were performed before and after drought are defined as risk management and crisis management to reduce the effects of drought respectively. Therefore, plans should be developed for the purpose of drought fight and should be introduced risk management rather than crisis management. In our country, drought-related studies are managed by a crisis management approach. In this study; the causes, types and effects of drought were given and, drought management was discussed taking into account the institutional and legal status in Turkey.