ASSOCIATION OF NUMBER OF ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATIONS PER PREGNANCY IN HOLSTEIN DAIRY COWS WITH POLYMORPHISM IN LUTEINIZING HORMONE RECEPTOR AND FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE RECEPTOR GENES


Arslan K., AKYÜZ B., AKÇAY A., Ilgar E. G., Macun H. C., ÇINAR M. U.

SLOVENIAN VETERINARY RESEARCH, vol.54, no.2, pp.91-98, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Name: SLOVENIAN VETERINARY RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.91-98
  • Keywords: candidate genes, pregnancy, cow, number of artificial inseminations, polymorphism, FERTILITY TRAITS, CATTLE, EXPRESSION, EFFICACY, INTERVAL, HEIFERS, SYSTEM, REGION
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Failure to become pregnant is the primary reason for a dairy cow to be culled from the production herd. A cow that is cycling normally, with no reproductive abnormalities, but has failed to conceive after at least three successive inseminations may cause economic losses in dairy farms. The present study aimed to examine the association between follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) and luteinizing hormone receptor (LHCGR) genes polymorphisms and number of artificial inseminations in the Holstein cattle breed, raised in Turkey. A total of 264 Holstein cows were included in this study, consisting of 222 cows which had undergone a low number of artificial inseminations (two or less inseminations; LI) and 42 cows with a high number of artificial inseminations (three or more inseminations; HI). The polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism method was used to determine the FSHR-AluI and LHCGR-HhaI DNA variants. Three genotypes (CC, CG and GG) were observed for the FSHR gene in LI and HI cows. No statistical difference was found among LI and HI animals for the FSHR genotypes (P=0.934). However, only the CC genotype was detected in LI cows whereas the CC, CT and TT genotypes were detected in HI cows for the LHCGR gene. The genotype frequency of CC was found to be highest (93%) in the HI animals and an association between LHCGR genotypes and the number of artificial inseminations per pregnancy was identified (P<0.001). This is the first report to describes an association between FSHR and LHCGR polymorphisms and number of artificial inseminations in cows.