Background/Aims: To evaluate whether the ratio between the number of metastatic lymph nodes and the number of total removed lymph nodes (MLR) is related survival in patients with locally advanced (stage 3) gastric cancer treated chemo-radiotherapy. Methodology: We included 179 patients with locally advanced lymph node-positive gastric cancer treated chemo-radiotherapy within this study. The cut-off values, area under curve (AUC), sensitivity and specificity were calculated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve technique for MLR. Results: The sensitivity and specificity of MLR for mortality were 71.54% and 51.79%, respectively, when the cutoff level was accepted as the ratio >= 0.3. The AUG for the predictive value of MLR with regard to mortality was 0.609 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.533-0.681, p: 0.0135). Overall survival rates were significantly lower in patients with high MLR than in those with low MLR (15 months vs. 35 months, p: 0.002, respectively). In multivariate analysis, overall survival rates were significantly associated with MLR status (low or high). Conclusion: The simple and easily obtainable MLR is an independent predictor for mortality in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer even if chemo-radiotherapy, which is known to increase local control, was given.