This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of geochemical fractions of Ba in soils of cherry orchards and in plant Ba uptake. The levels of Ba in the soil samples were determined after sequential extraction procedure and analysis by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). At the same time, the levels of Ba in cherry leaf samples were determined after a wet digestion procedure by ICP-OES. Soil total Ba concentrations (mean 108.9 mu g g(-1)) were found within normal ranges specified for agricultural soils. The Ba concentration in the cherry leaf samples was found in the range of 9.1 mu g g(-1) to 20.6 mu g g(-1). Sequential extraction revealed that Ba existed in highly mobile phases (42%), which are attributed to anthropogenic sources as well as to decomposition of soil parent material. The experimental data were subjected to hierarchical cluster analysis to assess the relationship between the Ba concentration of each fraction and the leaf Ba contents. A significant correlation was observed between the leaf Ba concentrations and the acid soluble fraction.