Experimental analysis and modeling of viscosity and thermal conductivity of GNPs/SAE 5W40 nanolubricant

Wadi V. T. , ÖZMEN Ö. , Karamis M. B.

INDUSTRIAL LUBRICATION AND TRIBOLOGY, vol.73, no.1, pp.74-81, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 73 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/ilt-03-2020-0088
  • Page Numbers: pp.74-81
  • Keywords: Nanolubricant, Graphene nanoplatelets, Dynamic viscosity, Thermal conductivity, Artificial neural network, New correlation, ARTIFICIAL NEURAL-NETWORK, THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES, RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES, NANO-ADDITIVES, GRAPHENE, NANOFLUID, OIL, BEHAVIOR


Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity of graphene nanoplatelet-based (GNP) nanolubricant. Design/methodology/approach Nanolubricants in concentrations of 0.025, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.5 Wt% were prepared by means of two-step method. The stability of nanolubricants was monitored by visual inspection and dynamic light scattering tests. Thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity of nanolubricants in various temperatures between 25 degrees C-70 degrees C were measured with KD2-Pro analyser device and a rotational viscometer MRC VIS-8, respectively. A comparison between experimentally achieved results and those obtained from existing models was performed. New correlations were proposed and artificial neural network (ANN) model was used for predicting thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity. Findings The designed nanolubricant showed good stability after at least 21 days. Thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity increased with particles concentration. In addition, as the temperature increased, thermal conductivity increased but dynamic viscosity decreased. Compared to the base oil, maximum enhancements were achieved at 70 degrees C with the concentration of 0.5 Wt.% for dynamic viscosity and at 55 degrees C with the same concentration for thermal conductivity. Besides, ANN results showed better performance than proposed correlations. Practical implications This study outcomes will contribute to enhance thermophysical properties of conventional lubricating oils. Originality/value To the best of our knowledge, there is no paper related to experimental study, new correlations and modelling with ANN of thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity of GNPs/SAE 5W40 nanolubricant in the available literature. Peer review The peer review history for this article is available at: