Times Gazetesi'ne Göre İki Savaş Arası Türk-Alman İlişkileri (1918-1938)


Yıldız Taşdemir Z. , Uyanık N., Kartın C.

Uluslararası III. Türk Alman İlişkileri Sempozyumu, Würzburg, Almanya, 8 - 11 November 2018, ss.104-105

  • Basıldığı Şehir: Würzburg
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Almanya
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.104-105

Özet

Turco- German Relations between World War I and II Through The Times Newspaper

The World War I started on a small scale as a third Balkan War when the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Bosnian Serb, on June 28, 1914. However, it spread rapidly all over the world, shed the blood of millions of people, and caused the devastation of the whole world. The World War I was one of the most significant milestones of the 20th century. Besides resulting in the fall of four tremendous empires -Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman, the war gave cause for the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. The war which led the world to an economic recession finally laid the foundation of the World War II.

Unlike the pernicious effects of Gladstone's politics, Wilhelm II, with the German dream of expansion (Drang Nach Osten), changed Bismarck's balance policy and turned his face towards the East and of course Ottoman State. Hence, Turkey which was drawn to Germany and pushed back by allied powers entered above-mentioned devastating war on the side of Germany.

The inclusion of Turks into the war was expressed in the Times as a new but probably the last chapter in the history of Turkey. According to the Times; Ottomans would soon shed their blood pour le Roi de Prusse and his auxiliaries Damat Enver Pasha and the Salonika camarilla.

When the calendars showed the date October 30, 1918, signing the Armistice of Mudros Turks withdrew from the war, Ottoman army laid down the arms and accepted the term which set out the condition of all Germans and Austrians even the civil ones to be evacuated within the one month from Turkish dominions.  Those events were reflected in the Times as shattering of the Pan-German plot in the east forever and it was claimed that whatever the future of Turkey would be, Germany would not be any part in it.

This paper aims to study whether the foresight, as mentioned earlier, was accurate or not through the Times newspaper from 1918 to 1939.

 

Key Words: World War I-II, Armistice of Mudros, Germany, Turkey, Relations.

Turco- German Relations between World War I and II Through The Times Newspaper

The World War I started on a small scale as a third Balkan War when the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Bosnian Serb, on June 28, 1914. However, it spread rapidly all over the world, shed the blood of millions of people, and caused the devastation of the whole world. The World War I was one of the most significant milestones of the 20th century. Besides resulting in the fall of four tremendous empires -Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman, the war gave cause for the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. The war which led the world to an economic recession finally laid the foundation of the World War II.

Unlike the pernicious effects of Gladstone's politics, Wilhelm II, with the German dream of expansion (Drang Nach Osten), changed Bismarck's balance policy and turned his face towards the East and of course Ottoman State. Hence, Turkey which was drawn to Germany and pushed back by allied powers entered above-mentioned devastating war on the side of Germany.

The inclusion of Turks into the war was expressed in the Times as a new but probably the last chapter in the history of Turkey. According to the Times; Ottomans would soon shed their blood pour le Roi de Prusse and his auxiliaries Damat Enver Pasha and the Salonika camarilla.

When the calendars showed the date October 30, 1918, signing the Armistice of Mudros Turks withdrew from the war, Ottoman army laid down the arms and accepted the term which set out the condition of all Germans and Austrians even the civil ones to be evacuated within the one month from Turkish dominions.  Those events were reflected in the Times as shattering of the Pan-German plot in the east forever and it was claimed that whatever the future of Turkey would be, Germany would not be any part in it.

This paper aims to study whether the foresight, as mentioned earlier, was accurate or not through the Times newspaper from 1918 to 1939.

 

Key Words: World War I-II, Armistice of Mudros, Germany, Turkey, Relations.