The impact of urbanization on energy intensity: Panel data evidence considering cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity

Bilgili F. , Kocak E. , Bulut U., Kuloglu A.

ENERGY, cilt.133, ss.242-256, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


As population grows considerably in the world, the correlation between intensity of population in urban areas and energy intensity becomes an important issue in energy field. This paper aims at examining the effects of urbanization on energy intensity for 10 Asian countries by employing annual data from 1990 to 2014. The Asian countries are Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam, respectively. To this end, the paper, first, follows cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity tests. Then, the paper conducts unit root and cointegration tests, cointegration analyses and causality analyses. Finally, the paper estimates the short run parameters as well as long-run parameters to capture the possible dynamic relationships among variables.