Estimation of Monthly Mean Reference Evapotranspiration in Turkey

ÇITAKOĞLU H. , Cobaner M., HAKTANIR T. , Kisi O.

WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT, cilt.28, ss.99-113, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 28 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11269-013-0474-1
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.99-113


Monthly mean reference evapotranspiration (ET0) is estimated using adaptive network based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and artificial neural network (ANN) models. Various combinations of long-term average monthly climatic data of wind speed, air temperature, relative humidity, and solar radiation, recorded at stations in Turkey, are used as inputs to the ANFIS and ANN models so as to calculate ET0 given by the FAO-56 PM (Penman-Monteith) equation. First, a comparison is made among the estimates provided by the ANFIS and ANN models and those by the empirical methods of Hargreaves and Ritchie. Next, the empirical models are calibrated using the ET0 values given by FAO-56 PM, and the estimates by the ANFIS and ANN techniques are compared with those of the calibrated models. Mean square error, mean absolute error, and determination coefficient statistics are used as comparison criteria for evaluation of performances of all the models considered. Based on these evaluations, it is found that the ANFIS and ANN schemes can be employed successfully in modeling the monthly mean ET0 , because both approaches yield better estimates than the classical methods, and yet ANFIS being slightly more successful than ANN.