Adrenal haemorrhage with cholestasis and adrenal crisis in a newborn of a diabetic mother


Koklu E. , Kurtoglu S. , Akçakuş M. , Köklü S.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, vol.20, no.3, pp.441-444, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/jpem.2007.20.3.441
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM
  • Page Numbers: pp.441-444

Abstract

The large hyperaemic foetal adrenal gland is vulnerable to vascular damage. This may occur in the neonatal period as a consequence of difficult labour, or its aetiology may not be apparent. The spectrum of presentation is considerable, ranging from asymptomatic to severe life-threatening intra-abdominal haemorrhage. The presentation of adrenal insufficiency may be delayed but the regenerative capacity of the adrenal is great, and most adrenal haemorrhage is not associated with significantly impaired function. Some reports showed that cholestatic hepatopathy with congenital hypopituitarism reversed by hydrocortisone treatment is considered in the context of the endocrine syndrome, probably as a consequence of the adrenal failure. We describe a. case of bilateral adrenal haemorrhage with hepatitis syndrome and persistent hypoglycaemia in a newborn male with striking features of neonatal cholestasis and adrenal crisis.