Evaluation of the Relationship of Nutritional Status with Comorbidities in Individuals with Cardiovascular Disease Evaluación de la Relación del Estado Nutricional con Comorbilidades en Individuos con Enfermedad Cardiovascular

ÇALAPKORUR S., Onur A., Bakır B., Baloğlu H.

Revista Espanola de Nutricion Comunitaria, vol.29, no.4, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Journal Name: Revista Espanola de Nutricion Comunitaria
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, DIALNET
  • Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, Comorbidity, CONUT score, Nutrition, quality of life
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between nutritional status, quality of life and comorbidities in individuals with cardiovascular disease. Methods: he study was carried out with 127 patients in the cardiology clinic. Demographic data were recorded, anthropometric measurements were performed. NRS-2002 and CONUT scores were used to determine the risk of malnutrition, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was used to evaluate the comorbidity status, SF-12 quality of life scale was used to evaluate the quality of life. Results: The mean CCI value of the participants was 3.96±1.81, CONUT score was 2.31±2.27, SF-12 physical component score was 34.70±8.97, mental component score was 39.33±9.56. NRS-2002 score was positively correlated with CCI (r=0.400), CONUT score (r=0.561) and negatively correlated with SF-12 physical (r=-0.502), mental (r=-0.468) component scores. CCI score was negatively correlated with both physical (r=-0.309), mental (r=-0.296) component scores of SF-12 (p<0.05). In addition, an increase of 1 SD in NRS score were predicted to reduce the physical and mental component scores of SF-12 by 0.185 and 0.215, respectively. CONUT score were also found to have a negative effect on the physical component of SF-12 (p<0.05). Conclusions: It was concluded that the risk of malnutrition is high in individuals with cardiovascular diseases.