Mapping Digital Competency for Digital Immigrants: A Comparative Analysis in the Case of Turkey, Germany, and Spain

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Eken M., Aydın H.

Erciyes Journal of Education (EJE), vol.6, no.1, pp.66-79, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.32433/eje.1088947
  • Journal Name: Erciyes Journal of Education (EJE)
  • Journal Indexes: Directory of Open Access Journals, ERIHPlus
  • Page Numbers: pp.66-79
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


This study, which was prepared within the scope of DigiComp, “Improving Digital Competencies for Digital Immigrants: Tackling with Digital Divide and Digital Social Inequality,” funded within the scope of Erasmus+ Program Adult Education Strategic Partnerships action carried out by the Turkish National Agency, is a comparative research initiative on digital competencies for digital immigrants. In the study, which presents a qualitative research character, the document analysis method was used. The universe of the research consists of the research reports produced by the researchers of partner organizations from Turkey, Germany, and Spain during the research phase of the project. The entire detected universe has been reached. A descriptive analysis approach was used in the analysis of the obtained data. The analysis process was carried out within the framework of the themes shaped in the context of the research questions. Although each report has similarities, since it is sensitive to a common methodological framework, it contains unique approaches brought by different countries, expertise, and literature accumulation. Accordingly, the emphasis has been on understanding the digital native-digital immigrant distinction on the basis of broader social inequalities along with different variables with age in the reports. In addition, it has been revealed that different expertise capacities are included in the process in each report in order to develop the competency framework for digital immigrants. It can be stated that evaluating the relevant reports together will enable the creation of a synergy involving areas such as academia, security, health, public administration, civil society, and the private sector regarding the development of digital competencies that digital immigrants should carry.