Facile and green solvothermal synthesis of palladium nanoparticle-nanodiamond-graphene oxide material with improved bifunctional catalytic properties


JOURNAL OF THE IRANIAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, vol.14, no.12, pp.2503-2512, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13738-017-1185-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2503-2512
  • Keywords: Graphene oxide, Nanodiamond, Palladium nanoparticles, Hybrids, Solvothermal synthesis, Green synthesis, Catalyst, Organic pollutant, Reduction, Degradation, 2-Nitrophenol, Methylene blue, UV-Vis spectrophotometry, METHYLENE-BLUE DYE, PD NANOPARTICLES, PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION, COPPER NANOPARTICLES, FREE DEHYDROGENATION, ORGANIC-DYES, REDUCTION, NANOCOMPOSITE, NITROPHENOL, PERFORMANCE
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


We developed a selective solvothermal synthesis of palladium nanoparticles on nanodiamond (ND)-graphene oxide (GO) hybrid material in solution. After the GO and ND materials have been added in PdCl2 solution, the spontaneous redox reaction between the ND-GO and PdCl2 led to the creation of nanohybrid Pd@ND@GO material. The resulting Pd@ND@GO material was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry, scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), and atomic absorption spectrometry methods. The Pd@ND@GO material has been used for the first time as a catalyst for the reduction for 2-nitrophenol and the degradation of methylene blue in the presence of NaBH4. GO plays the role of 2D support material for Pd nanoparticles, while NDs act as a nanospacer for partly preventing the re-stacking of the GO. The Pd@ND@GO material can lead to high catalytic activity for the reduction reaction of 2-nitrophenol and degradation of methylene blue with 100% conversion within similar to 15 s for these two reactions even when the content of Pd in it is as low as 4.6 wt%.