Sensitive determination of Fluoxetine and Citalopram antidepressants in urine and wastewater samples by liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detector


Sarıkaya M., ULUSOY H. İ. , MORGÜL Ü., ULUSOY S., Tartaglia A., YILMAZ E. , ...More

Journal of Chromatography A, vol.1648, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1648
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chroma.2021.462215
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Chromatography A
  • Keywords: Fluoxetine, Citalopram, HPLC, Magnetic solid phase extraction, Urine samples, Environmental water samples, SOLID-PHASE EXTRACTION, BAR SORPTIVE EXTRACTION, MAIN METABOLITES, HUMAN PLASMA, HUMAN SERUM, LC-MS, MICROEXTRACTION, HPLC, NANOPARTICLES, SORBENT

Abstract

© 2021A new analyte separation and preconcentration method for the trace determination of antidepressant drugs, Fluoxetine (FLU) and Citalopram (CIT) in urine and wastewaters, was developed based on HPLC-DAD analysis after magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE). In the proposed method, FLU and CIT were retained on the newly synthetized magnetic sorbent (Fe3O4@PPy-GO) in the presence of buffer (pH 10.0) and then were desorbed into a lower volume of acetonitrile prior to the chromatographic determinations. Before HPLC analysis, all samples were filtered through a 0.45 µm PTFE filter. Experimental parameters such as interaction time, desorption solvent and volume, and pH were studied and optimized in order to establish the detection limit, linearity, enrichment factor and other analytical figures of merit under optimum operation conditions. In the developed method, FLU and CIT were analyzed by diode array detector at the corresponding maximum wavelengths of 227 and 238 nm, respectively, by using an isocratic elution of 60% pH 3.0 buffer, 30% acetonitrile, and 10% methanol. By using the optimum conditions, limit of detections for FLU and CIT were 1.58 and 1.43 ng mL−1, respectively, while the limit of quantifications was 4.82 and 4.71 ng mL−1, respectively. Relative standard deviations (RSD%) for triplicate analyses of model solutions containing 100 ng mL−1 target molecules were found to be less than 5.0 %. Finally, the method was successfully applied to urine (both simulated and real healthy human) and wastewater samples, and quantitative results were obtained in recovery experiments.