Calcium carbide poisoning via food in childhood


Per H. , Kurtoglu S. , Yağmur F. , Gümüş H. , Kumandaş S. , Poyrazoglu M. H.

JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, vol.32, no.2, pp.179-180, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2006.05.049
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.179-180
  • Keywords: calcium carbide, poisoning, childhood

Abstract

The fast ripening of fruits means they may contain various harmful properties. A commonly used agent in the ripening process is calcium carbide, a material most commonly used for welding purposes. Calcium carbide treatment of food is extremely hazardous because it contains traces of arsenic and phosphorous. Once dissolved in water, the carbide produces acetylene gas. Acetylene gas may affect the neurological system by inducing prolonged hypoxia. The findings are headache, dizziness, mood disturbances, sleepiness, mental confusion, memory loss, cerebral edema and seizures. We report the case of a previously healthy 5 year-old girl with no chronic disease history who was transferred to our Emergency Department with an 8-h history of coma and delirium. A careful history from her father revealed that the patient ate unripe dates treated with calcium carbide. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc.