In this study, the effect of pH on phosphate removal from wastewater by electrocoagulation with iron plate electrodes has been investigated. For this aim, experiments have been carried out controlled initial pH values within the range of 3-9. Effects of initial pH have been analyzed on efficiencies of phosphate removal and energy consumptions. From obtained results, it was found that optimal initial pH is 3. Besides, experiments have been carried out controlled system pH. Effects of system variables have been analyzed on constant pH. From obtained results in these experiments, it was found that optimal system pH is 7. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.